Black Turtle Bean is an old heirloom variety that was introduced in the late 1700's. Dry pods have beautiful, vivid jet black plump seeds. The bush variety bean are heat resistant, and have a good disease tolerance. Plants can grow between 45-51 cm (18-24”) tall and have an average spread between 30-40 cm (12-16”). Typically they are grown to harvest the dry beans that are used in black bean soup. Matures in 90-100 days.
Direct sow seeds after the last frost, when soil temperatures have reached at least 16°C (60°F). Select a location that receives full sun. Sow seeds 2.5-5cm (1-2”) deep, spaced 8-15cm (3-6”) apart in rows spaced 45-75cm (18-30”) apart. Keep soil evenly moist to promote germination. Seeds should sprout in 7-10 days. Thin seedlings to 15-20cm (6-8”) apart when they are 5-10cm (2-4”) tall. Dry beans prefer well-drained soil that is fertile and has a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. Fertilize with a balanced fertilizer before planting and again after the first flowers appear. Dry beans should be left on the plant until the pods have dried and the beans rattle inside. Harvest the entire plant and remove the beans from the pods. Dry beans typically reach maturity in 90-110 days.
Soil Conditions: Well-drained soil that is fertile. Soil pH: 6.0-7.5 Planting Depth: Sow seeds 2.5-5cm (1-2”) deep. Germination: 7-10 days. Height at Maturity: 30-60cm (12-24”) tall. Days to Maturity: 90-110 days. Watering: Keep soil evenly moist. Sun/Shade: Full sun. Spacing after Thinning: Thin seedlings to 15-20cm (6-8”) apart.