Turnips are root vegetables that are easy to grow and are a popular choice for fall and winter gardens. They can be grown from seed and prefer cool temperatures. Plant turnip seeds in a location that receives full sun to partial shade, with well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal soil pH for turnips is between 5.5 and 6.8. Sow turnip seeds directly in the garden in early spring or late summer, 6mm (¼”) deep and 5-10cm (2-4”) apart. Water the seeds regularly to keep the soil moist until the seeds germinate, which should occur in 4-10 days. Thin the seedlings to 10-15cm (4-6”) apart when they reach 5-10cm (2-4”) in height. This will ensure that each plant has enough space to grow and develop. Fertilize turnips with a balanced fertilizer every 2-3 weeks during the growing season. Keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged.
Harvest turnips when they reach maturity, which is usually within 50-60 days of planting. Turnips can be eaten raw or cooked, and the greens can also be used in salads or cooked like spinach. To store turnips, remove the greens and store them separately in plastic bags in the refrigerator. The turnips themselves can be stored in a cool, dark place for several weeks. Soil Conditions: Well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter with a pH between 5.5 and 6.8. Planting Depth: Sow seeds 6mm (¼”) deep. Germination: 4-10 days. Height at Maturity: 30-60cm (12-24”) tall. Days to Maturity: 50-60 days. Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Sun/Shade: Full sun to partial shade. Spacing after Planting: Thin seedlings to 10-15cm (4-6”) apart.