Red Russian garlic is an old heirloom favorite. It is a hard neck garlic type that has a distinctive, slightly purple wrapper. Red Russian produces big bulbs with an average of 2-8 cloves per bulb. Red Russian garlic has the ability to withstand soggy winter soils better than any of the other garlic types.
Garlic is a pungent and flavorful member of the onion family that is used in many different cuisines around the world. It is easy to grow and requires minimal care. Garlic is typically planted in the fall or early spring, depending on your climate. Select a location that receives full sun and has well-drained soil. Break apart the garlic bulb into individual cloves, leaving the papery skin intact. Plant the cloves pointed end up, 2-3cm (1-1.5”) deep and spaced 10-15cm (4-6”) apart in rows spaced 30-45cm (12-18”) apart. Cover the cloves with soil and mulch to conserve moisture and suppress weeds. Water the garlic deeply after planting and then once a week during the growing season, more often during dry spells. Garlic prefers soil that is slightly acidic with a pH of 6.0-7.0. Fertilize with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer once a month during the growing season. In the spring, when the garlic leaves start to turn brown and die back, stop watering and let the bulbs dry out for a week or two. Then carefully dig up the bulbs, brush off any excess soil, and cure them in a warm, dry place with good air circulation for several weeks before using or storing.
Soil Conditions: Well-drained soil that is slightly acidic with a pH of 6.0-7.0. Planting Depth: Plant cloves pointed end up, 2-3cm (1-1.5”) deep. Germination: 7-10 days. Height at Maturity: 30-90cm (12-36”) tall. Days to Maturity: 90-150 days. Watering: Water deeply after planting and then once a week during the growing season, more often during dry spells. Sun/Shade: Full sun. Spacing after Thinning: Space cloves 10-15cm (4-6”) apart in rows spaced 30-45cm (12-18”) apart.